The National Flower Of South Africa
The National Flower of South Africa is Protea.the species is Known as Protea cynaroides and common names are King sugar bush and giant protea. the king protea belongs to the family Proteaceae.Protea is found in southern parts of South Africa.There are 81 garden varieties of King Protea with different colors. the family Proteaceae is a wide family with 1600 species and up to 80 genera.the word protea is taken from Greek word god Proteus.
The National flower of South Africa Protea is a woody shrub. Protea stem is thick and the color is dark Green, its leaves are glossy.protea plant height is approximately 1 meter.Protea plant produces about 6 to 10 flower in a Season.Protea Bracts color is creamy white with soft pale pink Bracts.the bushfire is necessary for reproduction fire kills the reseeders but fire activates the release of their canopy seed bank. the thick stem Underground stem of Protea survive in the fire and new bud grow from the stem.
The National flower of South Africa habitat is the dry environment and harsh conditions. leather like leaves helps the protea plant to excessive loss of moisture.the large taproots of protea get access deep in the soil to reach the underground water.Malachite Sunbird and Cape sugarbird suck nectar from the flower and help the plant in pollination, Rove beetles, Cape honeybee, and Monkey beetles also help the plant in pollination.
Facts About The National Flower of South Africa Protea
- Common Names: King Protea, Giant Protea, Honeypot or King sugar bush
- Binomial name: Protea cynaroides
- Height: Approximately 1 meter
- Habitat: Dry Environment
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Order: Proteales
- Family: Proteaceae
- Genus: Protea
- Species: Protea cynaroides
- Flower Colour: Pink With Red Borders